Ufa Mathematical Journal
    Volume 10, Number 1, pp. 49-63

    Combinatorial bounds of overfitting for threshold classifiers

    Ishkina Sh.Kh.


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    Estimating the generalization ability is a fundamental objective of statistical learning theory. However, accurate and computationally efficient bounds are still unknown even for many very simple cases. In this paper, we study an one-dimensional threshold decision rules. We employ the combinatorial theory of overfitting based on a single probabilistic assumption that all partitions of a set of objects into an observed training sample and a hidden test sample are of equal probability. We propose a polynomial algorithm for computing both probability of overfitting and complete cross-validation. The algorithm exploits the recurrent calculation of the number of admissible paths while walking on a three-dimensional net between two prescribed points with restrictions of special form. We compare the obtain sharp estimate of the generalized ability and demonstrate that the known upper bound are too overstated and they can not be applied for practical problems.